RPCD.PLNFS. BC.No.63/ 06.02.31/ 2006-07
April 4, 2007
The Chairman/ Managing Director/
Chief Executive Officer
All Scheduled Commercial Banks
All Regional Rural Banks/Local Area Banks
Credit flow to Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Sector
Please refer to Paragraph No.2 of our circular RPCD.PLFNS.BC.No.31/ 06.02.31/ 2005-06 dated August 19, 2005 wherein the definition of Small and Medium Enterprise had been indicated as reproduced below:
"At present, a small scale industrial unit is an undertaking in which investment in plant and machinery, does not exceed Rs.1crore, except in respect of certain specified items under hosiery, hand tools, drugs and pharmaceuticals, stationery items and sports goods, where this investment limit has been enhanced to Rs.5 crore. A comprehensive legislation which would enable the paradigm shift from small scale industry to small and medium enterprises is under consideration of Parliament. Pending enactment of the above legislation, current SSI/ tiny industries definition may continue. Units with investment in plant and machinery in excess of SSI limit and up to Rs. 10 crore may be treated as Medium Enterprises (ME)."
2. The Government of India has since enacted the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act, 2006 on June 16, 2006 which was notified on October 2, 2006. Consistent with the notification of the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act 2006, the definition of micro, small and medium enterprises engaged in manufacturing or production and providing or rendering of services is being modified and is required to be implemented by the banks alongwith other policy measures with immediate effect.
3. Definition of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
(a) Enterprises engaged in the manufacture or production, processing or preservation of goods as specified below:
i) A micro enterprise is an enterprise where investment in plant and machinery [original cost excluding land and building and the items specified by the Ministry of Small Scale Industries vide its notification No. S.O. 1722(E) dated October 5, 2006 (copy enclosed)] does not exceed Rs. 25 lakh;
ii) A small enterprise is an enterprise where the investment in plant and machinery (original cost excluding land and building and the items specified by the Ministry of Small Scale Industries vide its notification No. S.O. 1722(E) dated October 5, 2006) is more than Rs. 25 lakh but does not exceed Rs. 5 crore; and
iii) A medium enterprise is an enterprise where the investment in plant and machinery (original cost excluding land and building and the items specified by the Ministry of Small Scale Industries vide its notification No. S.O. 1722(E) dated October 5, 2006) is more than Rs.5 crore but does not exceed Rs.10 crore.
(b) Enterprises engaged in providing or rendering of services and whose investment in equipment (original cost excluding land and building and furniture, fittings and other items not directly related to the service rendered or as may be notified under the MSMED Act, 2006) are specified below. These will include small road & water transport operators (owning a fleet of vehicles not exceeding ten vehicles), retail trade (with credit limits not exceeding Rs.10 lakh), small business (whose original cost price of the equipment used for the purpose of business does not exceed Rs.20 lakh) and professional & self employed persons (whose borrowing limits do not exceed Rs.10 lakh of which not more than Rs.2 lakh should be for working capital requirements except in case of professionally qualified medical practitioners setting up of practice in semi-urban and rural areas, the borrowing limits should not exceed Rs.15 lakh with a sub-ceiling of Rs.3 lakh for working capital requirements).
(i) A micro enterprise is an enterprise where the investment in equipment does not exceed Rs. 10 lakh;
(i) A small enterprise is an enterprise where the investment in equipment is more than Rs.10 lakh but does not exceed Rs. 2 crore; and
(ii) A medium enterprise is an enterprise where the investment in equipment is more than Rs. 2 crore but does not exceed Rs. 5 crore.
Bank’s lending to medium enterprises will not be included for the purpose of reckoning under the priority sector.
Accordingly, the existing provisions in the Master Circular on Lending to Priority Sector issued vide circular RPCD.No.Plan.BC.4/04.09.01/2006-07 dated July 3, 2006 may be replaced as indicated in the Annexure.
4. Compilation of separate data for each category of enterprises
Based on the above definition you are requested to compile data separately for each category of enterprises in the prescribed format (copy enclosed) from the quarter ended September 30, 2007, for onward transmission to the Government of India.
5. Progressive guidelines/instructions to banks on micro, small and medium enterprises
Reserve Bank of India have been issuing guidelines/instructions to banks from time to time to ensure timely and smooth flow of credit to such enterprises, to minimize the incidence of sickness among them and enhance the competitiveness of such enterprises which has been incorporated in our Master Circular on SME lending (RPCD. PLNFS. BC. No. 2/ 06.02.31/ 2006-07 dated July 1, 2006). The Boards of banks may review the existing guidelines/instructions and formulate a comprehensive and liberal policy in respect of loans to micro, small and medium (MSME) sector and adopt the same at the earliest.
6. Delayed payment to micro and small enterprises
The existing provisions of the Interest on Delayed Payment Act, 1998 to Small Scale and Ancillary Industrial Undertakings, have been strengthened under the MSMED Act as under:
(i) The buyer to make payment on or before the date agreed on between him and the supplier in writing or, in case of no agreement before the appointed day. The agreement between seller and buyer shall not exceed more than 45 days.
(ii) The buyer fails to make payment of the amount to the supplier, he shall be liable to pay compound interest with monthly rests to the supplier on the amount from the appointed day or, on the date agreed on, at three times of the Bank Rate notified by Reserve Bank.
(iii) For any goods supplied or services rendered by the supplier, the buyer shall be liable to pay the interest as advised at (ii) above.
(iv) In case of dispute with regard to any amount due, a reference shall be made to the Micro and Small Enterprises Facilitation Council, constituted by the respective State Government.
7. As the above measures are important for healthy and balanced development of micro, small and medium enterprises sector, we advise you to initiate necessary action and issue necessary instructions to your branches/controlling offices in this regard at the earliest.
8. Please acknowledge receipt.
Chief General Manager